I have divided the world between those who seek consistency (the stasis of the Parmenids) and those who accept change (the river of Heraclitus). Those who prefer stasis oppose changes and innovations and try to keep society under social pressure and, if necessary, the strength of the right to maintain conventional norms. These include those who oppose technological change and the resulting changes in employment, as well as those who demand subsidies and tariffs to support domestic markets against foreign competitors. I loved reading the article and refreshed my vision of these pre-democratic philosophers. How did you get this quote from Heraclitus? I have several different collections of his quotes and I have never seen these. The idea of this quote seems true, which Heraclitus says, but I never found this exact quote and would appreciate knowing where it came from. I teach a class on rhetoric, and I call the physical debate nomos as a way to introduce ideas about rhetoric and to know that this quote would be useful. Thank you very much! Thus a second major philosophical problem took shape – the problem of change, the transformations of one into the many. Are there more than one? So, how`s it going? Are the many only variations, transformations or changes of the permanent, immutable? How many of them are then? Stasis societies value order and tend to instruct the government to maintain their status quo. Flow societies appreciate new ideas and seek progress towards the goals of their citizens. It is river societies that are willing to accept change and develop their positive aspects, who are the friendliest for the freedom and the right of people to pursue goals to be done themselves, who pursue unhindered by arbitrary restrictions imposed by others. I did the opening lecture last week at Freedom Week at Sidney Sussex College in Cambridge.
My theme was „Flux vs. Stase,“ and I compared the views of Parmenides and Heraclitus, two of the pre-democratic philosophers. Parmenides felt that reality did not change; Only our senses give the appearance of change. Heraclitus, meanwhile, said that everything is constantly changing and that „we are entering the same river and not entering the same river“ because new waters are still flowing above us. „… The idea that the universe has always been in a war of change and change was the central tenant of this reasoning. Yes, everything changes, from a physical point of view, but what is frightening is that as human beings, we change. There is a certain comfort in stability. Nevertheless, there must be a continuity of life that does not change, and it is reflected in the patterns we observe around us. There is a logo, okay, but it is a divine, a logo that does not change.
Those who accept this change, occur and try to adapt to their river follow Heraclitus. Their societies allow them to experiment and innovate, even knowing that some will be annoyed by the disruption they bring in the traditional way. They allow markets to vibrate and sink, react to inputs, adapt to and manage these changes. „Like all philosophers who came after him, Plato built his philosophy in response to other philosophies. Plato is based not only on the idea of Socrates, but also on the theories of previous philosophers, the so-called pre-cratic philosophers. This article provided me with really good ideas and knowledge about Heraclitus and Parmenides, thanks! By asserting that everything is change or fluidity. Heraclitus denied that everything remains the same, may be identical to what was or will be. He therefore denied any permanence or immutability in the world. He denied the immutable and confirmed the many changes. In the most virulent opposition to Heraclitus was Permenids of Elea, southern Italy, who flourished around 465 B.C and wrote his philosophy in the form of poetry.
Parmenides argued that it is not change, but consistency that is the fundamental nature of reality.